The Rule of the Ottoman Empire

(1669–1898)

The Ottomans were the last in the series of foreign powers, who for more than 2.000 years had reigned over Crete. They conquered Crete from the Venetians in 1669 and ruled the island until 1898, when Crete after a long series of uprisings was given status of an autonomous state for a short period until Crete in 1913 formally became part of Greece.

Turkish tombstones piled up near the old Venetian city walls in Heraklion. (Creative commons: bazylek100, www.flickr.com).

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Life on Crete in the period

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Sights from the period in modern Crete

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Back to Cretan history.