The Second Byzantine Period

(961-1204)

In 961 the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) general Nikiphoras Phokas recaptured Crete. Hereafter, Crete was again a province of the empire until it went under when Constantinople was captured by Western forces during the Fourth Crusade and the empire was divided among the conquerors. From then on Crete was governed by the city-state of Venice.

Church of Agios Nikolaos (near Agios Nikolaos, municipality of Lassithi). The oldest example of early Byzantine architecture on Crete. Built between the 7th and 9th century.

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Life on Crete in the period

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Sights from the period in modern Crete today

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Back to Cretan history.